Going Dutch: Amsterdam’s rise as Europe’s next financial centre


Writer: Alex Katsomitros, Characteristics Writer

September 6, 2021

When Brexit came 1 step nearer to turning into a reality in 2018, Tradeweb was remaining with couple of selections other than expanding its European presence further than London. The US organization, which operates platforms for fastened profits, derivatives and ETF investing, was on the lookout for a European hub that would offer a enterprise ecosystem related to that of London. The Dutch money was an evident preference, suggests Enrico Bruni, Tradeweb’s head of Europe and Asia organization: “Amsterdam is household to numerous money corporations, so it was a natural suit for us.”

In January 2019, Tradeweb became the very first foreign platform to get acceptance from the Dutch regulator to work investing amenities from Amsterdam, replicating its United kingdom regulatory standing. Now, the company’s Amsterdam business office serves the liquidity needs of its EU clientele.


Fintech boom
Tradeweb is not on your own in its publish-Brexit trajectory. Subsequent the Brexit referendum, numerous fintech organizations, like MarketAxess, Klana, Azimo and CurrencyCloud, have increased their existence in the Dutch cash, either by growing their workplaces or shifting their European headquarters there. Several cite the friendly regulatory ecosystem for fintech corporations, still viewed as pesky disruptors by incumbents in other jurisdictions, as a rationale for their choice.

Amsterdam’s talent pool and status as a tech hub, with household-developed achievements tales this sort of as payment assistance Adyen, help as well. “Most people in the Netherlands are fluent in English, though the expertise pool is amazing with loads of technological skills,” Bruni states. In 2020, the Netherlands topped the EF English Proficiency Index, a study measuring English fluency globally. All-around a tenth of the 200,000 individuals utilized in the Dutch financial sector get the job done for a fintech enterprise, mostly in Amsterdam. “It’s only in the very last five years that fintech has been increasing in Amsterdam.

Ahead of that, most fintech businesses have been concentrated on London as Europe’s fintech hub. But now there is fewer talent there, and next Brexit there is also a need for lots of companies to shift someplace else, ”says Suzanne Cox, Head of Overseas Investments at Amsterdam In Small business, the overseas expenditure company of the Amsterdam metropolitan place.

Many hope that Amsterdam will get back some of its 17th-century glory, when it was the world’s foremost monetary hub

For most corporations transferring from London, relocating is all about minimising destruction rather than gaining an advantage moving to a town in which the infrastructure is by now there is a no-brainer. “Amsterdam by now had a pretty fantastic economical ecosystem, so we did not have to have to build nearly anything from scratch,” suggests Michiel Bakhuizen, a spokesperson for Netherlands Overseas Financial investment Agency, an organisation dependable for attracting international organizations to the nation.

The city is conveniently positioned close to other European financial hubs and regular flights are available from Schiphol Airport to all places that issue in European tech and finance. Amsterdam is also residence to Amsterdam World-wide-web Exchange, just one of the world’s premier networks of digital visitors, while the Netherlands features Europe’s quickest common online connection in accordance to Opensignal, a cellular analytics organization.


Gaining momentum
The Dutch money is also building strides in other places. This January, Amsterdam Euronext overtook London as Europe’s leading share trading venue. Although short-term and largely symbolic, offered London’s dominance of other markets, the shift has been hailed as “irreversible” by Stephane Boujnah, Euronext CEO, in an job interview to AFP.

Amsterdam is also gaining ground in euro-denominated desire-price swaps, a $135trn current market, and in the very first fifty percent of the calendar year was trailing London as Europe’s top corporate listing location, with the €3.2bn IPO of Polish parcel-locker organization InPost as the jewel in its crown. A lot of see the canal town as an rising hub in specialized niche but up-and-coming marketplaces. In a further blow to the City’s mojo, US-owned Intercontinental Trade declared very last February that it will move EU carbon buying and selling from London to its Amsterdam-centered ICE Index, the world’s major carbon buying and selling trade, because of to the EU’s refusal to grant regulatory ‘equivalence’ to the UK’s financial regulations.

Chicago-centered Cboe International Marketplaces, one of the most significant exchange operators globally, will launch its equity derivatives buying and selling hub in Amsterdam this September, while CME Team, a US-owned derivative trade, has by now shifted euro-denominated trading and clearing from London to Amsterdam.

A lot of banks are also raising their foothold in the ‘Venice of the North.’ Natwest and RBS have moved some British isles functions to Amsterdam, while non-European banking institutions these types of as Australia’s CBA, US investment decision bank BlackRock and Japan’s Norinchukin and MUFG have picked Amsterdam as their EU foundation.

Irrespective of these early successes, the Dutch are watchful to shy absent from triumphalism. “When we designed an evaluation from a company’s stage of check out back again in 2016, we saw that Amsterdam was interesting for different monetary solutions companies, but not all of them,” suggests Bakhuizen. With a cluster of buying and selling platforms and payment corporations presently in the metropolis, it was uncomplicated to entice much more of the exact. Beating other European economic hubs in some marketplaces has proved more demanding. “We understood that Amsterdam would not be the put to be for expenditure banking companies, since the Netherlands has a banking reward cap,” Bakhuizen clarifies, referring to a legislation capping bonuses to a most of 20 per cent of income.

A study by the feel tank New Money found that of the 440 monetary services corporations that have moved work out of London, one out of a few picked Dublin as their most important location Amsterdam captivated a tenth, even though it’s catching up, although most expense banking companies opted for Frankfurt and Paris.


Sleek regulator
A single advantage that tends to make Amsterdam stand out from its EU rivals is regulation. The dispute involving the EU and the United kingdom over equivalence has remaining a lot of financial companies corporations in limbo. “The Dutch regulator, the Authority for the Economic Markets (AFM), has substantial knowledge in economic expert services and understands our space quite properly,” Tradeweb’s Bruni states. The AFM allows proprietary trading corporations to trade directly with institutional buyers devoid of dealing with them as clientele, a unusual element amid EU regulators that cuts down crimson tape. “The Dutch regulator is rigorous, but also open up-minded and a great deal respected in Europe. So it’s not automatically a lot easier to get regulatory acceptance listed here, but if you do, you know that you will be taken severely in Europe,” Cox from Amsterdam in Business says. Lots of fear that regulatory divergence between the EU and the Uk will guide to fragmentation in European money markets, with US and Asian markets choosing up the spoils.

For Tradeweb, lack of equivalence means that EU-dependent banks can not transact with their shoppers on its British isles platforms, thanks to EU regulation. As a outcome, the company has found trading activity change to US venues, most markedly in euro swaps. “We imagine that even however equivalence would simplify issues and reduce fragmentation in the marketplace, it is possibly not as a great deal of a precedence as it at the time was. Instead, we could see fractious investing turn out to be much more commonplace in the future,” Bruni suggests.


SPACs, the new battlefield
The Dutch money is attaining momentum in an up-and-coming specialized niche current market: particular function acquisition organizations (SPACs), which use funds elevated from buyers to acquire promising begin-ups and enable them go community. Whilst the market has slowed down just after an unparalleled growth in the US in 2020 and early 2021, it is collecting pace in Europe. In the initially fifty percent of the year, Amsterdam’s Euronext trade was the primary European location for SPAC listings.

It is by now the go-to listing platform for European SPACs supported by renowned sponsors, a crucial ingredient for SPACs relying on the popularity of their backers to appeal to investor fascination. Large shot sponsors like Bernard Arnault, CEO of the world’s most important luxurious team, and Ian Osborne, a popular tech investor, have picked Euronext to list their SPACs.

Quite a few European nations are taking into consideration regulatory reforms to appeal to SPACs. The United kingdom Financial Carry out Authority may perhaps loosen present regulatory limits, these types of as the suspension of share trading after a proposed acquisition has been announced. However, the Dutch regulatory framework is perceived as becoming nearer to the US 1, with hardly any SPAC-unique constraints in area. “They are competitive from a regulatory stage of see. It’s rapidly, simple and adaptable to record there. Moreover, Euronext is an built-in current market – it is component of the EU’s Capital Markets Union with connections to other European markets, which is not the circumstance with London,” says Daniele D’Alvia, CEO of SPACs Consultancy, a London-primarily based consulting firm, and writer of a forthcoming e book on SPACs.

With finance moving into a new period owing to the rise of disrupting systems such as the blockchain and AI, numerous hope that Amsterdam will get back some of its 17th-century glory, when it was the world’s main financial hub, just before a collection of economic crises and wars allowed London to attain the upper hand the Dutch funds is residence to the world’s very first official inventory trade, as properly as the initially community detailed corporation (the Dutch East India Company).

Even so, the Dutch really do not rush to celebrate, nor do they overestimate the benefits of Brexit. “For us, it’s a pity that Brexit is going on. We have never ever been in favour of it. We assume we can be stronger functioning with the Uk, alternatively than competing with them,” Cox says. “A lot of businesses go functions to Amsterdam, Frankfurt or Dublin, but under no circumstances depart London totally,” Bakhuizen suggests. “They diversify their strategy to be close to the marketplaces where they operate. It’s a worldwide sport now.”

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